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Informational Essay Topics Middle School

The ability to provide information in different contexts is essential to effective communication. Students must practice expository writing throughout their academic careers. The sooner they start, the better. Below are some descriptive, sequential, compare and contrast, cause and effect, and problem/solution writing prompts to help you give your students the practice they need.


  1. Write an essay describing your school to a potentially new student.
  2. Write an essay describing the appeal of reality TV shows.
  3. Write an essay describing a rainy night.
  4. Write an essay describing your first pet.
  5. Write an essay describing your first memory.
  6. It’s Christmas morning and there is a package under the tree containing exactly what you requested. Describe the contents of your package..
  7. Write an essay describing how you feel when you wake up and discover snow on the ground outside — and school has been cancelled.


  1. Writing an essay explaining the process you use to style your hair in the morning.
  2. You have invited your two best friends to spend the afternoon at your home. Write an essay telling how your prepare for their visit.
  3. Everyone has lost something at one time or another. Write an essay telling what you did to find what you had lost.
  4. Describe how to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
  5. Tell how you wash your hair.
  6. Describe the plot of your favorite book.

Compare and Contrast

  1. Write an essay comparing and contrasting ownership of cats and dogs.
  2. Compare and contrast this year in school to last year.
  3. Compare and contrast your two favorite characters.
  4. Compare and contrast your family’s home and the home of your dreams.
  5. Compare and contrast a typical day in your life today and what you think a typical day in your life will be like when you are 25.
  6. Compare and contrast your two favorite teachers.

Cause and Effect

  1. Write an essay telling how peer pressure has affected you this year.
  2. Write an essay explaining what causes students to drop out of high school.
  3. Discuss the causes and effects of bullying in schools.
  4. Discuss the causes and effects of poverty in rural (urban) areas.
  5. Discuss the causes and effects of drug or alcohol use on families.


  1. Most students do not read or watch news, resulting in a lack of knowledge about the world outside of their immediate neighborhood. Write an essay describing why this is a problem and telling how this problem might be solved.
  2. Think about the community in which you live. What could you do to make it a better place? Choose one problem that needs to be solved to make your community a better place to live. Write a letter to the editor describing how solving this problem would make your community a better place, and tell what you would do. Give reasons why you think your plan would work.
  3. Think about what you could do to make your school more beautiful. Think about how you would do this. How could you persuade the people in your school that your idea is a good one? Write a letter to the principal of your school asking for support for your plan for making your school more beautiful. Tell what you would do and how you would do it. Explain why you think your plan is important and why it would work.
  4. Think about animal abuse. Some people abuse animals by being intentionally cruel to them or neglecting their basic needs; others abuse animals out of ignorance. Think about what could be done to prevent both kinds of animal abuse. Write a letter to leaders in your community describing how you would solve this problem, and how treating animals better would improve the lives of animals and people. Explain why you think your plan will work.

I am a secondary English Language Arts teacher, a University of Oklahoma graduate student, and a NBPTS candidate. I am constantly seeking ways to amplify my students’ voices and choices.

Filed Under: PedagogyTagged With: expository writing prompts

A List of Solid Middle School Informative Essay Topics

As students progress into middle school, they will have to start writing more in depth, better researched papers. Teachers are trying to prepare students for high school and college, so the type of writing requirements are going to gradually change. Although the research and writing quality is important, the topic for the informative essay also matters. Students will find it easier to write about topics that they are interested in, and it will make the researching process much simpler. To get some ideas for an informative essay, students should read through the following list.

Informative Essay Topics

  1. What is your favorite book?
  2. Choose a favorite historical event and explain the factors that caused it to occur.
  3. How did credit cards develop? How do they work in practice?
  4. Write about the history, biography and accomplishments of your favorite actress or actor.
  5. The student should choose their favorite hobby and explain to an outsider how to do it.
  6. What are some old, crazy laws that still exist in the student's area? Why were they originally made?
  7. Choose a favorite sport and look at how it developed. What are the rules that govern playing this sport?
  8. How do near-death experiences work? What are some of the justifications that science has given for their existence?
  9. In the early part of the 19th century, tricks like the Human Cannonball were common. How do these famous magic tricks and circus performances work?
  10. What makes someone into a modern artist? How can someone learn to be a modern artist?
  11. What caused the American Revolution? Was it really in response to higher taxes?
  12. What contributes to rising tuition rates?
  13. Look at a fairy tale and write about the life lessons that can be learned from the fairy tale.
  14. What is dyslexia and how can students learn how to live with it?
  15. How does a cellphone work?
  16. Explain the rules of etiquette that were written out by Emily Post.
  17. What caused the Founding Fathers to develop a democracy as the system of government for the United States?
  18. How is maggot cheese made?
  19. Explore the historical events that caused a famous speech to be given.
  20. How does gravity work?
  21. How did life saving medicines like the polio vaccine come into being?
  22. How does a computer work?
  23. Why is the right to religious freedom included in the United States Constitution?
  24. How does Twitter earn money? What techniques do social media sites use to earn an income?
  25. Explain the life cycle of the butterfly.
  26. Explain the fight for Civil Rights and the 1964 I Have a Dream Speech.

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