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Third World Poverty Definition Essay

The Causes Of Poverty In The Developing World

The Causes of Poverty in the Developing World

Many LDC¡¦s have been badly affected by wars. There have been many civil wars in Africa, caused by European empire-building in the nineteenth century. Several African races were joined into one country, but half a race was left in another country. These countries were still artificial countries after they achieved independence. One race was often badly treated by the ruling race, which resulted in civil war. This also happened in Europe since the various parts of Yugoslavia were given independence. LDC¡¦s also suffer from wars between different countries, such as: Ethiopia and Somalia, Afghanistan and Russia. There are wars caused by corruption and political differences too, for example: Mozambique, Angola, Guatemala.

Wars destroy crops, homes, schools and hospitals causing even more poverty. Many people are also forced to leave their homes and seek refuge in safer countries. These neighbouring countries, some of which were developing, will be made poor again by the sudden influx of refugees with out money or food.

Natural disasters
Many LDC¡¦s are located in areas of the World where natural disasters occur frequently and very severely. These natural disasters are earthquakes, floods, droughts and volcanic eruptions. Thousands of homes and acres of precious farmland can be destroyed by an earthquake or a flood. If there is no rain, the crops will not grow unless the farmers have the wealth to sink wells, install pumps and organise an irrigation system.

Debt
Most LDC¡¦s are forced to borrow money from the banks of developed countries to survive and begin to develop. These banks charge interest, so that a less developed country has to pay more in interest than it earns in foreign currency. In the early 70¡¦s, Chile borrowed 3.9 billion dollars. By 1982, Chile had paid 12.8 billion dollars in interest and still owed money.

The extra 9 billion dollars should have been used to speed up Chile¡¦s development, but instead it went to countries that are already rich.

Cash crops
The only way for many...

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1759 Words8 Pages

The Irish Government's National Action Plan for Social Inclusion 2007 defines poverty as: "People are living in poverty if their income and resources (material, cultural and social) are so inadequate as to preclude them from having a standard of living which is regarded as acceptable by society generally. As a result of inadequate income and other resources people may be excluded and marginalized from participating in activities which are considered the norm for other people in society." Based on this definition, we learn that people are living in poverty if they do not have enough money to do the things which are considered basic for human’s life. Some of them could be not having enough money to buy food for family, or not being able to…show more content…

Finally, those who live in a disadvantaged community or in an area with few employment opportunities also increase the risk of poverty (www.causeofpoverty.htm). Poverty has a negative effect on people's quality of life. It closes the opportunities opening to people, and reduces people’s abilities to participate fully in society. For example, children who grow up in poor families are more likely to leave school early, and without qualifications, have to end up unemployed; poor people usually have low paid jobs and can not afford to make ends meet for their families. More than that, poverty leads to hunger. World hunger is a terrible symptom of world poverty. According to the United Nations, about 25,000 people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes. To World Health Organization, poverty is the primary cause of malnutrition which is a major health problem in developing countries, killing thousands children all over the world everyday. The numbers of people dying for lacking food has been rapidly increasing, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa due to the droughts, wars, rapid population growth. In addition, poverty causes the infant mortality rate much higher and life expectancy rate much lower in low-income developing countries.
Debt is considered one of the most severe problems in poor nations. During the 1970s and early 1980s, developing countries accumulated a total foreign debt exceeding $1 trillion, which they found very difficult to

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